The Paraglider - The online paragliding beginner courses - training paragliding :PARA PRO, STAGE 4 ADVANCED SOARING
The Paraglider - The online paragliding beginner courses

training paragliding :PARA PRO, STAGE 4 ADVANCED SOARING

دوشنبه 17 آذر 1393

نویسنده: parapink5 learning training paragliding |



Hands off the brakes during ground control.

Advanced soaring is flying in demanding lift, such as marginal, strong and/or turbulent thermal or wave conditions. 

The objective of this stage is to make sure the pilot can safely practice advanced soaring, also under pressure as in displays, demonstrations and competitions.
This stage has turbulence and small margins as key words. One must be prepared to be forced to operate close to the safe operating limitations for the both the equipment and oneself. Even while one certainly should give both equipment and oneself good safety margins, one must be prepared for the possibility that those margins may be passed. A thorough knowledge of emergency procedures, such as recovery from asymmetric and symmetric collapses, stalls, spins, spirals, and surges, as well as use of parachute, is very important. One must have a thorough knowledge of performance curves and correct flying speeds (speed polars), use of accelerator (speed system), design limitations and load factors.
Advanced soaring requires the ability of fast and accurate evaluations of conditions and situations combined with fast and precise maneuvering. There will be situations with little time for balanced decisions and wrong reactions. One must be prepared by careful planning and one always must be ahead of the situation, so that in critical situations one gives the right reaction without wasting time. One must have highly developed skills and a thorough knowledge in order to gain maximum performance. One must, often close to the terrain and in turbulent conditions, master all types of turns combined with low speeds, and also keep a close watch of terrain and other traffic.
Extreme conditions are warned against, because of the strong forces that may be present. Regardless of pilot skill and experience one may easily lose control. Structural (equipment) failures can also happen. One must never overestimate oneself or the equipment. If one meets strong turbulence, one must not panic and try to avoid it by sharp turns or high speeds, since this increases the possibilities for loss of control (or major collapses). Correct maneuvering in strong turbulence is moderate speeds and flight straight ahead or shallow banks if necessary.
Other dangers are stalling or frontal collapse, and loss of control close to the terrain. If this happens, the correct reactions are vital. That is, in case of a stall first reduce the angle of attack by raising one’s arms, control the ensuing surge of the canopy, then wait for speed to maneuver and then avoid collision. In case of a frontal collapse, this is to increase angle of attack and if necessary counter any tendency to turns and then avoid collision. One should also avoid flying alone.
Students are under no circumstance allowed to practice advanced soaring.
Pilots must have a license for this stage in order to fly advanced soaring in displays, demonstrations or competitions or else where this stage is required.
Before progressing to the next stage one must be able to, with a great deal of accuracy, evaluate conditions to be acceptable in relation to safety. One should also show that one is able to find and use all kinds of lift.


Repetition from stage 3, especially
a. Relative to maneuvering and speed in turbulence, turns and pulling out of spiral dives.
b. Correct maneuvering speeds in turbulence. Stability. Speed polars.

1. Thermals:
a. When, how and where. Stability versus instability in the air. Lapse rate.
b. Best thermal areas. Time of day and of year.
c. Types of thermals, dangerous thermal conditions, dry thermals.
d. Signs: Clouds, cumulus, cumulonimbus. Squall lines.
2. Wave conditions: waves, turbulence, high altitudes.
3. Dangerous conditions: Strong wind. Clouds, cumulonimbus, severe turbulence.

Paraglider and equipment:
1. Structural limitations: loads, speeds, attitudes, aerobatics. Structural failures.
2. Stability: profile, wing torsion, pendulum stability, recovery after stalls or major collapses.
3. Selection of paraglider: Appropriate model rating for advanced soaring pilots: Standard rating, or Performance rating (but not Competition rating).


1. Stage 3 maneuvers, mastered, reviewed if necessary.
2. Planning: The process of flying, giving a flight plan.
3. 360? turns, shallow to medium bank, left and right.
4. 360? turns, steep, left and right.
5. 360? turns, at minimum sink "flat", left and right.
6. Ridge soaring: Launching and soaring.
7. Thermal soaring: Launching, locating, entering and climbing.
8. Marginal lift: Launching and soaring.
9. Gusts and turbulence: Launching and soaring.
10. Maneuvering according to the traffic rules.


1. Same as for stage 3, easy soaring, plus:
2. A total of minimum 10 flying hours.
3. A total of minimum 2 hours of thermal soaring.
4. A total of minimum 2 hours of ridge soaring.


The pilot should be considered to be able to take care of his/her own and others’ safety while flying at this stage, also during displays, demonstrations and competitions and anywhere else this stage in required.

جمعه 17 آذر 1396 10:02 ق.ظ
I'm not sure exactly why but this site is loading incredibly slow for me.
Is anyone else having this problem or is it a issue on my end?
I'll check back later and see if the problem still exists.
feet complaints
پنجشنبه 23 شهریور 1396 10:38 ب.ظ
It's awesome to pay a quick visit this web page and reading the views of all mates on the topic of
this paragraph, while I am also zealous of getting experience.
Foot Pain
دوشنبه 16 مرداد 1396 05:07 ق.ظ
hello there and thank you for your information – I've definitely
picked up something new from right here. I did however expertise a few technical issues using this site, since I experienced to reload the website many times previous to I could get it to load correctly.
I had been wondering if your hosting is OK? Not that I'm complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will very frequently affect your placement in google and can damage your high-quality score
if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Well I'm
adding this RSS to my e-mail and could look out for a lot more of your respective exciting content.

Ensure that you update this again soon.
Foot Issues
شنبه 14 مرداد 1396 05:06 ق.ظ
Hi there to every one, it's in fact a pleasant for me to
pay a visit this web site, it consists of priceless Information.
How do you treat Achilles tendonitis?
یکشنبه 8 مرداد 1396 01:15 ق.ظ
Hey there! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering
if you knew where I could find a captcha plugin for my comment form?

I'm using the same blog platform as yours and I'm having problems finding one?
Thanks a lot!
چهارشنبه 28 تیر 1396 10:10 ق.ظ
Hi i am kavin, its my first time to commenting
anyplace, when i read this piece of writing i thought i could also make comment due to this brilliant piece of writing.
چهارشنبه 28 تیر 1396 07:39 ق.ظ
Do you have a spam issue on this blog; I also am a blogger,
and I was wanting to know your situation; many of us have developed
some nice methods and we are looking to trade methods with others, be sure to shoot me an e-mail if interested.
یکشنبه 25 تیر 1396 12:51 ب.ظ
These are genuinely fantastic ideas in about blogging. You have touched some good points here.
Any way keep up wrinting.
جمعه 25 فروردین 1396 03:09 ب.ظ
Do you have any video of that? I'd want to find out
more details.
یکشنبه 20 فروردین 1396 02:29 ب.ظ
Great post. I used to be checking constantly this blog and I'm impressed!
Very useful info specifically the last phase :
) I maintain such information a lot. I used to be looking for this certain info for a very lengthy time.
Thank you and good luck.
سه شنبه 15 فروردین 1396 08:06 ق.ظ
Greetings! Very helpful advice in this particular article!
It is the little changes that will make the most significant changes.
Many thanks for sharing!

ALL parapink websites